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Phase II

A Phase II Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) involves further investigation into the Recognized Environmental Conditions (REC) identified in the Phase I ESA for the property. The purpose is to collect information regarding the potential contamination that will assist the purchaser in making informed business decisions about the property; and where applicable, provide a level of investigation necessary to satisfy the all-appropriate inquiry requirement. Site investigation activities may include collecting soil and/or groundwater samples to screen for various chemical and/or metals contamination, identifying abandoned containers and their contents, and preforming a geophysical survey to determine whether underground storage tanks, drums or other buried objects are present on the site.


At the completion of the Phase II ESA, the environmental professional should be able to conclude that either (a) the ESA has provided sufficient information to render a professional opinion that there is no reasonable basis to suspect the presence of hazardous substances or petroleum products, or (b) the ESA has confirmed that hazardous substances or petroleum products have impacted the site.

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